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On This Day: January 25

Aviation events for January 25

1921: Committee on Law of Aviation of the American Bar Association files an initial report on the necessity of aerial legislation.
1930: American Airlines is consolidated into one airline.
1964: Echo 2, U.S. communications satellite launched.
1966: SR-71 (952) came apart at Mach 3.17 and 80,000 feet due to pitch up accident. Pilot BillWeaver and RSO Jim Zwayer ejected. Jim Zwayer was killed. Lost north of Tucumcary NM. (Q)
1983: The Swedish-US Saab-Fairchild 340 transport, the first aircraft built by collaboration, makes its first flight.
1983: Infrared telescope satellite launched into polar orbit.
1990: On January 25, 1990, Avianca Flight 52, a 707-321B, crashed after running out of fuel in Long Island, New York. The 707 was delayed numerous times because of heavy fog in New York. A total of 73 people died.
1992: Hubble space telescope optics finds NGC3862/3C264.
1994: Clementine - USA Lunar Orbiter launched. The official name for Clementine is Deep Space Probe Science Experiment (DSPSE). It was a Department of Defense program used to test new space technology. Clementine was a new design using lightweight structure and propellant systems. It spent 70 days (between February 6 and May 5, 1994) in lunar orbit. Its four cameras mapped the surface of the Moon at 125-250 meters/pixel resolution. Clementine also used a laser to gather altimeter data which will make it possible to generate the first lunar topographic map.
2004: NASA’s Opportunity rover lands on Mars.
2010: Ethiopian Airlines Flight 409, Boeing 737-8AS, crashed into the Mediterranean shortly after take-off from Beirut Rafic Hariri International Airport in Beirut, Lebanon, for Bole International Airport in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. All 90 people on board die.

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