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On This Day: 2005

Aviation events for 2005

January 12: Deep Impact spacecraft is launched from Cape Canaveral.
January 18: The world's largest passenger plane, the Airbus A380, gets unveiled in an elaborate ceremony in France.
January 29: Nonstop flights between mainland China and Taiwan take off for the first time since 1949.
January 31: Air Exel ceases operations.
February 3: Kam Air Flight 904, a Boeing 737-200 (EX-037), crashes into the Pamir Mountains during a snowstorm while on approach to Kabul from Kerat, Afghanistan, killing all 96 passengers and 8 crewmembers.
February 17: Opening of a new international airport in Nagoya, Japan. It is the third Japanese international airport.
February 19: British Airways, the No. 2 engine of a Boeing 747–400 G-BNLG surged (whereby the airflow through the engine reverses) and suffered internal damage just after take off from Los Angeles on a flight to London Heathrow with 16 crew and 351 passengers on board.[150] The crew shut the engine down and continued the climb and continued the flight, in line with BA's standard operating procedures for 4 engined aircraft. Because it was unable to attain normal cruising speeds and altitudes, the aircraft diverted to Manchester Airport, England. The United States Federal Aviation Administration had been critical of the Captain's decision and accused BA of operating the aircraft in an non airworthy condition.] In June 2006 the UK Air Accidents Investigation Branch recommended that the UK and US authorities review the policy on flight continuation and give clear guidance. This has not happened but the FAA have accepted the United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority’s determination that the aircraft was airworthy.
February 20: British Airways Flight 268, a Boeing 747-400 departed Los Angeles enroute to London Heathrow, experiences failure of the #2 engine just after takeoff. Instead of returning to the airport, they continued on, making it all the way to England where emergency was declared and a landing in Manchester took place. Though the FAA was upset about their flying an “unairworthy” aircraft, all is forgiven.
March 1: Lufthansa acquired their first 11% of Swiss International Air Lines.
March 3: The late Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane around the world solo nonstop without refueling, flying 25,000 miles in 67 hours and 2 minutes.
March 5: Steve Fossett completes the first non-stop, solo circumnavigation of the world in the Virgin Atlantic GlobalFlyer, completing the trip in 67 hours and 2 minutes.
March 11: JetsGo ceases operations.
March 11: China’s first privately-owned carrier Okay Airlines begins operations with a flight from Tianjin to Changsha. Their fleet currently consists of five Boeing 737s and two Xian MA-60s.
March 16: A Regional Airlines Antonov An-24 aircraft carrying oil workers to Varandey, Russia crashed five kilometers from the runway. A mixture of bad weather and pilot error caused the crash. Twenty-six of the 45 passengers died as well as two of the seven crew members.
March 26: West Caribbean Airways Flight 9955, crashes a few hundred feet from the end of the runway after departure from Providencia-El Embrujo Airport in Colombia, killing 9 of the 14 aboard. The Let 410 Turbolet’s #1 engine failed near V1 speed, and the aircraft impacts the ground at a 40-degree inverted angle after failing to climb.
March 28: Chicago Express Airlines, also known as ATA Connection, ceased operations.
April 27: First flight of the Airbus A380(F-WWOW).
May 7: Aero Tropics Air Services Flight 675 crashes into the side of a mountain while on approach to Lockhart River Airport in Australia, killing all 15 occupants. The Swearingen SA.227DC Metro 23 (VH-TFU) strikes the ridge at a height of 1,200ft, well below the minimum safe altitude of 2,060ft, and is blamed on the crew not noticing their AGL (above ground level) altitude and increased descent rate.
May 9: Kingfisher Airlines commences operations at Bengaluru International Airport.
May 23: SpiceJet commences flight operations.
June 21: First captive flight of Boeing X-37 under the Scaled Composites White Knight.
July 3: Steve Fossett and co-pilot Mark Rebholz recreated the first direct crossing of the Atlantic by the British team of John Alcock and Arthur Whitten-Brown on June 14, 1919 in a Vickers Vimy biplane.
July 12: John Leonard King, Baron King of Wartnaby, passed away. He was a businessman famous for leading British Airways from an inefficient, nationalized company to one of the most successful airlines of recent times.
August 2: Air France Flight 358, an Airbus A340-300 (registration F-GLZQ) overshot the runway at Toronto Pearson International Airport during a thunderstorm. The plane continued for 300 metres before coming to rest at the bottom of a ravine at the end of the runway adjacent to Highway 401. All 297 passengers and 12 crew survived but the plane was completely destroyed by fire. The investigation predominately blamed pilot error when faced with the severe weather conditions. Read more...
August 6: Tuninter Flight 1153, an ATR 72 (TS-LBB) runs out of fuel and ditches into the Mediterranean Sea while flying from Bari, Italy to Djerba, Tunisia, killing 16 of the 39 people on board. Technicians had installed the wrong fuel fuel quantity indicator the night before, causing it to display far more fuel in the tanks than there actually was. Read more...
August 14: Helios Airways Flight 522, a 737-300 (5B-DBY) crashes into a mountain near Marathon, Greece, killing all 121 on board. A problem with the pressurization system had caused the pilots to loose consciousness, leading to loss of control and fuel starvation.
August 16: West Caribbean Airways Flight 708 was a West Caribbean Airways charter flight which crashed in a mountainous region in northwest Venezuela on the morning of Tuesday, 16 August 2005, killing all 152 passengers and eight crew.
August 23: TANS Peru Flight 204, a Boeing 737-200 (OB-1809-P), crashes while landing in a hailstorm at Pucallpa, Peru, killing 40 of the 91 people on board.
August 29: Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (MSY) is impacted by Hurricane Katrina, but suffering no flooding. The airport would reopen to supply and rescue flights by the following day, with commercial cargo flights resuming September 10th and passenger flights restarting on September 13th.
September 8: Two Russian IL-76s arrive at Little Rock Air Force Base to assist in providing aid for Hurricane Katrina. It marks the first time Russia had flown such a mission to North America.
September 21: JetBlue Airways Flight 292, an Airbus A320 makes an emergency landing at Los Angeles International Airport after its nose wheels got stuck at a 90 degree angle. All 145 people on board survived.
Britannia Airways Boeing 767-304(ER) (G-OBYJ) at  Manchester - International (Ringway), United Kingdom
November 5: Britannia Airways ceases operations.
Lufthansa Boeing 747-830 (D-ABYI) at  Los Angeles - International, United States
November 14: Boeing launches 747-8.
December 3: XCOR Aerospace makes the first manned rocket aircraft delivery of US Mail in Mojave, CA.
December 10: Sosoliso Airlines Flight 1145, a DC-9 registered YU-AJH, crashes at Port Harcourt International Airport in Nigeria, killing 108 of 110 people on-board. The aircraft overshot the runway while attempting to land during a thunderstorm, and might have been struck by lightning around 125 ft up. Among the dead were 61 junior high school students.
December 19: Chalk's Ocean Airways Flight 101 loses a wing and crashes into the Atlantic Ocean near Miami, killing twenty people. This crash spells the end for Chalk's Ocean Airways, operating since 1917.
December 23: Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 217 crashes five minutes after a night-time departure out of Baku in poor weather. The Antonov An-140-100 registered 4K-AZ48 had experienced some sort of systems failure, and the flight crew became disoriented, striking the ground on the shore of the Caspian Sea.

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