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On This Day: 1907

Aviation events for 1907

February 28: Cabinet-maker Charles Voisin begins tests of the airplane made by his company for Lèon Delagrange. He takes off for a hop of several feet, but the fuselage breaks up.
March 16: Built for Leon Delagrange and pilot Charles Voisin, the Voisin-Delagrandge biplane makes its first flight from Bagatelle, France, achieving a height of 13ft. and a distance of 260ft.
March 27: Romanian Trajan Vuia begins tests of his airplane, newly fitted with steering surfaces. He makes a short flight of 33 feet in Paris, France.
April 4: Santos-Dumont, disappointed by his failure on March 27 and shocked by Charles Voisin’s flight of 197 feet shortly afterwards, tries again with his Nº 14bis. He makes a short flight of 164 feet in Saint-Cyr, France.
April 19: Louis Blériot flies and crashes his powered monoplane Nº V at Bagatelle, France.
May 3: The Wright brothers are elected honorary members of the Vienna Aviation Club, Austria.
May 18: Wilbur Wright sails for Europe to discuss the sale of his Flyer III in London, Paris, Moscow and Berlin.
June 21: Romanian Trajan Vuia makes a flight in Paris of almost 66 feet, at a height of 16 feet, in his second machine which has a 24-hp Antoinette engine running on carbonic acid and has its wheels fitted with shock absorbers.
July 25: At Issy-les-Moulineaux, Blériot flies 492 feet in his monoplane No.VI, the Libellule [dragonfly]. Built by Louis Peyret, the foreman at his works, it has two sets of wings in tandem. To control vertical movement, the pilot slides to end fro on a wheeled seat.
August 1: The Aeronautical Division of the US Army Signal Corps is created. Their goal is, “to study the flying machine and the possibility of adapting it to military purposes.”
September 19: The 1st piloted helicopter rises at Douai in France. Piloted by Volumard, it rises only about 2 feet and is steadied by men on the ground. It does not constitute free, vertical flight.
October 5: The 1st British Army dirigible airship, the Nullis Secundus (second to none), makes a spectacular flight over the capital city of London.
October 10: Robert Esnault-Pelterie makes the 1st airplane flight with a control stick, using a single, broom handle-like lever.
November 10: Henri Farman makes the 1st flight in Europe of over one minute in his Voisin-Farman I biplane in France.
November 10: Louis Bleriot introduces what will become the modern configuration of the airplane. His No.VII has an enclosed or covered fuselage (body), a single set of wings (monoplane), a tail unit, and a propeller in front of the engine.
November 13: The 1st piloted helicopter rises vertically in free flight in France. Built by Paul Cornu, it’s powered by a 24-hp Antoinette engine driving two motors.
November 30: Glenn Curtiss founds the Curtiss Aeroplane Company. It is the 1st US airplane manufacturing company.
December 23: The chief signals officer of the U.S. Army, Brig. Gen. James Allen, issues specification no. 486, the first military aircraft specification for which commercial tenders were invited. The specification is written around the capabilities of the Wright Flyer and, though published for bids to conform to army requirements, only the Wrights are expected to respond by the closing date of February 1, 1908.

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