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On This Day: January 23

Aviation events for January 23

1909: The first flight of the French Bleriot XI, one of the most successful monoplanes designed and built before World War I, is made.
1927: John (Richard) Boyd born in Erie Pennsylvania.
1930: Clyde Tombaugh photographs Pluto.
1941: Ground breaking for NACA (now NASA) Lewis Research Center
1949: First flight of the Dassault Ouragan.
1961: Final test flight of USAF Atlas D traveled 5,000 miles to target down Atlantic Missile Range, representing 35 successes, 8 partials, and 6 failures in 49 test launchings for D model.
1970: Australia's 1st amateur radio satellite (Oscar 5) launched (Calif).
1970: U.S. launches 2nd generation weather satellite, ITOS 1.
1982: World Airways Flight 30, a DC-10 (reg N113WA) flying from Newark, New Jersey (EWR) to Boston Logan (BOS), crashes on landing. The aircraft landed late on the runway, and due to "poor to nil" braking action, the pilots decided to steer the plane off the runway to avoid the approach lights. This sent the aircraft and its 212 souls into the harbor, where it broke apart. A row of seats separated from the plane and two of the passengers were never found and presumed dead.
1983: Russian radioactive satellite falls into Indian Ocean.
1986: Columbia returns to Kennedy Space Center via Davis-Monthan AFB.
2003: The final communication is made between Earth and Pioneer 10, a spacecraft intended to fly past Jupiter. It was launched in 1972, and its last trajectory would have the craft the first artificial object to leave the solar system.

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